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Andrews University Shifts Focus of Its Farm Operations

The university's dairy, which opened in 1907, will close operations in 2019.

Andrews University Farm

Andrews University Farm; photo by Justin Jeffery

The Andrews University Board of Trustees voted in its June 4 meeting to shift the focus of its overall Andrews University Farm operations, including a decision to formally close the farm’s dairy operations by summer 2019. The farm began operations in 1901, and its dairy started in 1907. With this decision, the university's farm will expand its focus on the food crops grown on its 750 acres of land.

This decision was made following an extensive study of the Andrews University Dairy operations and the current marketplace for dairy products. That year-long, detailed analysis led to the conclusion that it was unlikely there would be any potential turns in the dairy market that would bring the dairy operations close to a breakeven situation. This follows more than three years of significant operational losses for the dairy. Those losses, combined with the ongoing volatility of the dairy market, suggested the continued operation of the dairy by Andrews University was too risky to sustain within the university’s ongoing operational budgets.

“This was a difficult decision to make about a significant part of Andrews University and its history,” says Andrea Luxton, Andrews University president. “However, [the] need to be good stewards of the resources we have and to responsibly ensure stable finances for the University has led us to this decision."

“Our state-of-the-art dairy has attempted to thrive in an environment where there has been an overall and very significant downturn in the dairy industry in recent years," explains Luxton. "The demand for milk and milk products has fallen nationally, dairy producers have increased their herd sizes, and now large distributors, such as Walmart, plan to create their own mega-dairies. As a result, despite excellent management of our operations and expenses by our dairy leadership, income from our dairy has continued to drop considerably. This situation has meant very significant and real losses in our dairy operations over the last three years, with no evidence that this will turn in a positive direction in the years to come.”

When the school first opened the dairy in 1907, a small herd of 40 to 50 cows was milked by hand, and horse-powered machinery harvested the feed for the cattle. Throughout the years, the award-winning Holstein herd at the heart of the dairy grew to more than 700 cattle. The operations were led by a full- and part-time staff of 15, with around 20 students helping to support the milking operations. With the closure of the dairy operations in 2019, as many as four of the full-time staff will transfer to positions elsewhere in the university.

The milk produced by the dairy is marketed by the Michigan Milk Producers Association Cooperative and, among other things, has been used to make ice cream and help produce the artisan specialty cheeses created at Old Europe Cheese in Benton Harbor, Michigan.

The dairy’s Holstein herd has received numerous awards over the years, including “High Herd in Milk Production” and “High Cow in Milk Production” awards from the Berrien County Herd Improvement Association.

The dairy operations have also served as a valuable real-world academic and research resource for the University’s agriculture program and its dairy management coursework, as well as the animal husbandry concentration for the University’s Bachelor of Technology in agriculture.

During the next year, the Andrews University Dairy will look at suitable options for the future of its herd of Holstein cows, which would ideally include a sale of the entire herd to another larger dairy operation. Since the farm will continue its crop and related agricultural operations, existing equipment will be repurposed or sold as appropriate.

— Gillian Sanner is media communications manager for the Division of Integrated Marketing & Communication at Andrews University.